Butler, Samuel

1) (1612-1680)
   Satirist, was the s. of a Worcestershire farmer. In early youth he was page to the Countess of Kent, and thereafter clerk to various Puritan justices, some of whom are believed to have suggested characters in Hudibras. After the Restoration he became Sec. to the Lord Pres. of Wales, and about the same time m. a Mrs. Herbert, a widow with a jointure, which, however, was lost. In 1663 the first part of Hudibras was pub., and the other two in 1664 and 1668 respectively. This work, which is to a certain extent modelled on Don Quixote, stands at the head of the satirical literature of England, and for wit and compressed thought has few rivals in any language. It is directed against the Puritans, and while it holds up to ridicule the extravagancies into which many of the party ran, it entirely fails to do justice to their virtues and their services to liberty, civil and religious. Many of its brilliant couplets have passed into the proverbial commonplaces of the language, and few who use them have any idea of their source. Butler, notwithstanding the popularity of his work, was neglected by the Court, and d. in poverty.
   Ed. of B.'s works have been issued by Bell (3 vols., 1813), and Johnson (2 vols., 1893).
2) (1825-1902)
   Miscellaneous writer, ed. at Shrewsbury and Camb., wrote two satirical books, Erewhon (nowhere) (1872), and Erewhon Revisited (1901). He translated the Iliad and Odyssey in prose, and mooted the theory that the latter was written by a woman. Other works were The Fair Haven, Life and Habit, The Way of all Flesh (a novel) (1903), etc., and some sonnets. He also wrote on the Sonnets of Shakespeare.

Short biographical dictionary of English literature . . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Butler, Samuel — I born Dec. 4, 1835, Langar Rectory, Nottinghamshire, Eng. died June 18, 1902, London British novelist, essayist, and critic. Descended from distinguished clergymen, he grappled for many years with Christianity and evolution, first embracing,… …   Universalium

  • Butler, Samuel —    1. (1612 1680)    Butler, the son of a farmer, was born at Strensham in Worcestershire and educated at the King s School, Worcester. He was secretary to the Countess of Kent and steward to Richard Vaughan, Earl of Carberry at Ludlow Castle.… …   British and Irish poets

  • Butler, Samuel — ► (1835 1902) Escritor británico del linaje de los Swift y los Sterne. Se dedicó a la pintura y atacó las costumbres y los prejuicios de la época victoriana. Escribió El camino de la carne (1903), en la que satiriza la educación tradicional. * *… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Butler,Samuel — I. Butler1, Samuel. 1612 1680. English poet remembered primarily for his three part work Hudibras (1663 1678), a venomous mock heroic satire on the Puritans.   II. Butler2, Samuel. 1835 1902. British writer best known for The Way of All Flesh… …   Universalium

  • Butler, Samuel — (1835–1902) English writer and critic. An unsystematic thinker who spent much time discussing and attacking Darwin s view of evolution, Butler is remembered philosophically mainly for Erewhon (1901), a satire of ethics in which the hero visits a… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • BUTLER, SAMUEL —    a master of burlesque, born at Strensham, in Worcestershire, the son of a small farmer; the author of Hudibras, a poem of about 10,000 octosyllabic lines, in which he subjects to ridicule the ideas and manners of the English Puritans of the… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Butler — Butler, Samuel …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Samuel butler (1835-1902) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Samuel Butler. Samuel Butler (1835 1902) Samuel Butler (1835 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Samuel butler (1774-1839) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Butler. Samuel Butler (1774 1839) était un homme d Église et érudit britannique. Il fut évêque de Lichfield en 1836, puis évêque de Coventry. Bibliophile, il réunit une importante bibliothèque, dont un nombre… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Samuel butler (1612-1680) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Samuel Butler. Samuel Butler Samuel Butler (né le 4 décembre …   Wikipédia en Français

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